Viking Spear

viking spear

Viking Spear

The Viking spear were vitally symbolic to the Norse soldiers and were considered to be among the most common weapons during the early Viking period.

These were also said to be cheap and rather easy to produce since the Viking Spear could be developed just by utilizing inferior steel. Despite this, the spears were said to be very effective weapons that did not require too much training or skill to be utilized.

Moreover, the Viking spears were also the most commonly wielded weapons among the Scandinavian peasants and when it comes to the throwing Viking spears, these were constantly utilized by the warriors during that period.

Characteristics of the Viking Spear

One of the most common battlefield weapons of the Viking warrior would be their Viking Spears; these are made up of simple iron with a spiked or broad-leafed point that is often fixed on a wooden shaft. It usually has a length of about one to two meters and has an adequate reach which is excellent during battles.

The spearheads of these Viking spears were commonly made out of iron, and just like the blades of a sword, these were created by utilizing a special welding patterned technique during the earlier parts of the Viking period.

These weapons were also adorned with geometric patterns or inlays of fine metals. Most spearheads of the Viking spear were thin, long, and often ranged from thirty to fifty centimeters in length.

In the weapon’s cross-section, the spearheads featured a lozenge shape with thickened central ribs which was a common feature of spearheads that were created in the tenth century; also, the spearhead was firmly tapered to a sharpened edge on both sides of the rib.

It was common for the Viking spear’s head to be fixed onto a wooden shaft and rivets were utilized to achieve this; also, the sockets found on surviving Viking spears simply suggest that these shafts were generally rounded and had a diameter of about an inch.

viking spear

The spearheads that featured wings were often called the barbed spears, and the Viking spears were known to be highly effective for battle since these could be utilized for both throwing and thrusting; as for the spears with much larger heads, these were commonly utilized for cutting given targets.

There were historical records claiming that these spears were used to slice through the enemy’s chainmail, and the Vikings could wield these weapons with either one or two hands.

As for a highly skilled Viking who wielded the spear, he was able to throw two spears at once using both hands simultaneously; furthermore, it was also said that he could easily catch spears in flight and had the ability to easily hurl these back at the opponents. Yet as for close combat battles, the Viking warriors utilized a sword for fighting.

Types of Viking Spears

The Viking Spear that featured a winged spearhead was called the krókspjót or hooked spear, while the bigger headed one was called the chopping spear or the höggspjót which could readily be utilized for chopping.

There were also barbed throwing spears but these were not fully decorated compared to the others used for thrusting since most of the throwing spears that were utilized in fights were often lost and left on the battlefield.

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How the Viking Spear was Used

The Norse warriors utilized different types of Viking spears that were adequate for the varied types of fighting techniques that they executed during battles.

It is said that these spears could be utilized with a single hand so the warrior’s free one could easily carry a shield for better protection; although this has been suggested by a couple of historians, it was more likely that these warriors utilized the Viking spear without a shield.

The Viking spear was utilized as thrusting and throwing weapon although each design made it more unique with a certain specialization: the lighter Viking spear with a narrow head was made specifically for throwing while the heavier and broader one was perfect for stabbing opponents.

The lightweight spears were commonly utilized as javelins especially during the opening rounds of various battles; some of these were also barbed and the smaller throwing Viking spears were found in large numbers in certain locations. This is due to the fact that Viking warriors would hurl a large number of these weapons towards their enemies as the lines closed during battle.

For thrusts, the spear shaft can easily move and slide so that the warrior’s hands are positioned right at the ends of the shaft; this will allow the Viking spear to reach its full potential, greatly extending its reach when thrusting.

viking spear

When both hands are utilized to wield the spear, the wielder is given adequate amounts of leverage to easily lift an opponent off his feet while being impaled right at the tip of the Viking spear. Although it could be used in numerous ways, the Viking spear was commonly utilized as a thrusting weapon.

Historical records claim that thrusting was one of the most common attacks executed by the Vikings in single-handed and melee battles; this was a vital move since it had a great advantage in mass battles where soldiers were positioned, lined from shoulder to shoulder with their shields overlapping each other.

Viking Spear for Sale

Similar to the axe, the Viking spear was considered as one of the most popular and favored weapons of the Viking warriors. It was easy to create and repair since it only required a small amount of metal compared to the amount needed to make a sword.

In this day and age, there are a lot of fine weapon shops online that offer a wide array of equipment and Viking spears for sale that a person can readily choose for re-enacting training, or decorative purposes. One can readily find full-length and highly functional Viking spears, as well as individual pieces such as spearheads depending on a person’s needs and requisites.

For the hobbyists and serious sword collectors, one can find a Viking spear that is specifically made for decorative purposes, and with how it was created, it would definitely be a great addition to a collector’s growing set of medieval pieces.

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