Medieval Swords

Medieval Swords

Medieval Swords

In the past, a large number of countries from all over the world have engaged in battle, but the period that was considered as one of the most savage and violent would be the Middle Ages.

It was one of the most destructive periods in English history and some of the battles that occurred during the time included the Norman Conquest of England and the Battle of Hastings (in the year 1066) where the Anglo-Saxons were defeated.

The reason for this period’s violence and viciousness was due to the people’s thirst for wealth and power that was mainly driven by the cruel culture of some European countries.

Men who fought during this period carried some of the best medieval weapons which were all based on their status and position; this was primarily determined by their Feudal System during those ages so not every warrior was allowed to wield a specific type of weapon.

Another reason for this was due to the fact that not every individual was able to acquire such types of weapons and armor; even horses were difficult to acquire since these items were considered very costly during those times.

It was necessary for men to learn skills and properly utilize a medieval sword (or other types of medieval blades) since lands were usually subject to invasions and there was also the threat of war.

Another reason why every man was expected to have the ability to wield medieval swords or other similar weapons is that these played a vital role during the era.

The lords from the medieval times were also required to provide trained soldiers who were knowledgeable in utilizing numerous types of medieval blades and weapons for battle.

These soldiers together with other lower-class individuals would assist the Knights in battle and all of them wielded a medieval sword that was fit for their status and skills; the evolution of these weapons begun from simple farm tools that have eventually transformed into finely-made tools which were specifically created for effective battling.

History of Medieval Swords

In the pre-Norman era, most of the swords that have been utilized throughout Europe appeared to be of the Scandinavian-type which can be categorized into three different groups:

Medieval Swords

  • The first would be the medieval swords that exhibit the characteristics of a broadsword; these weapons usually have an acute tip, parallel sharpened edges, and a tang for its grip.
  • A few varieties that feature a crossguard.
  • And those that are made with blades that are slightly arched.

From the Norman Invasion until the end of the twelfth century, the handles of these medieval swords were usually made of wood or bone and were covered with the skin for protection; the crossguards were first simple projections but eventually increased as time passed.

For its pommel, these were highly adorned with precious gems and stones while its sheath was usually made of leather but hardened with the use of wood framing.

The pommel of these medieval swords appear in a variety of forms: there are the rosette, cinquefoil, round, lozenge, the trefoil, pear-shaped, the fleur de lis, and a lot more.

Round pommels are usually plainly designed but there are some that are finely adorned on its sides; the most common ornament utilized to design the pommel is usually the shield of arms or across.

The medieval sword from the thirteenth century appears similar to those preceding the epoch its blade is broad, straight, pointed, and double-edged; additionally, some of the best medieval weapons also had cross pieces that were arched towards the blade.

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Types Of Medieval Swords

Medieval swords and other battle weapons have their own distinct appearance and this is due to the Spatha where most of these weapons have been based from.

The style and design of these were highly popular during the migration period and to make the weapons even more grandiose, they would fashion these with Germanic art that is quite comparable to those found on Roman coins.

Right at the beginning of the Middle Ages, these medieval swords appeared with short blades while its handle was made perfectly to accommodate one hand when gripping the weapon.

It was not necessary for warriors during that time to wield the sword with two hands since the other would be utilized to carry a shield for protection.

The medieval sword was mainly created to slice and cut despite being featured with very thin blades that had rounded tips; by the end of this period, these blades transformed into much longer, sharper, and pointier weapons which became very efficient for thrusting and stabbing during battles.

As time passed, even the armor for warriors improved so making use of shields became irrelevant; additionally, this was also the period when medieval swords were created with sufficiently-sized hilts that were specifically created to accommodate two hands when gripping the weapon.

These medieval blades can either have one or two cutting edges and the blades can also be slightly curved or straight; here are some of the different types of medieval swords utilized during that period:

Medieval Swords


Broadswords are straight, double-edged blades that were fairly popular during the Elizabethan era in England. There are some broadswords that are classified as basket-hilted which are swords that feature basket-shaped guards to protect the wielder’s hand.

These weapons were also said to have been utilized as cavalry swords and were part of the Renaissance military.

Arming Sword

Arming swords or Knight / Knightly swords are known to be single-handed medieval swords that were utilized by knights during the medieval period. The blades were highly popular from the years 1000 to 1350 CA and were commonly utilized with a shield or buckler by knights.


Rapier which is also called the Espada Ropera is a thin, sharp, pointed, and long sword that is considered as a highly efficient weapon for thrusting.

It can also be good for cutting and slashing attacks, plus it was a weapon mostly used during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in modern Europe.


A weapon that features a similar appearance to the Persian Scimitar; it is an adequately weighed and sized weapon that provides outstanding power together with efficiency and versatility.


This is another popular medieval sword that has been utilized from the year 1335 to 1550. It was commonly utilized in battle since it was effective for executing stabbing, hewing, and slicing; additionally, every portion of the long sword is made specifically for offensive purposes.

Medieval Swords for Sale

The medieval sword is featured in different styles and types which allow every sword enthusiast to find their preferred medieval swords for sale; however, its popularity among collectors is just second compared to how great the Japanese Katana has become.

When it comes to choosing the best blades for sale, one should ensure that the shop they wish to purchase from offers finely-made weapons. Additionally, those wanting to purchase medieval swords for sale should also make sure that the shop or person they are buying from is legitimate.

It would be wise to do a little research about the store and see if there are any reviews about the seller from people who have purchased from them.

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