During the medieval period, the medieval mace was known as a great weapon of war that soldiers utilized to break the enemy’s chain mail or body armor. This was the period in England where the king’s bodyguards were called Sergeants-at-Arms and all of them wielded the mace to protect the king.
The mace is known as a durable and blunt weapon that makes use of a heavy and solid head that is located right at the end of the weapon’s handle; this allows the wielder to deliver powerful blows with accuracy and ease.
Additionally, this weapon also consists of a strong shaft that is either made of wood or metal; it is usually reinforced with metal that features a sturdy head made of bronze, steel, iron, copper, or stone.
The head portion of a military mace can be designed with knobs or flanges that allow more penetration on the enemy’s plate armor; and as for the length of these weapons, these can vary greatly.
The maces wielded by the foot soldiers measured around two to three feet and were generally shorter compared to other maces available.
When it comes to the medieval mace of cavalrymen, these were much longer and better for blows and attacks from horseback. The two-handed medieval maces could even be larger than the previously mentioned ones.
Below are the different types of maces:
The Medieval Mace
The medieval mace is said to be one of the earliest weapons that have emerged from the Middle Ages. This dates all the way back to as early as the period where war hammers were utilized or possibly earlier than the said period.
It was a weapon that could be easily and reasonably constructed without necessarily requiring too many skills and knowledge in weapon production.
The early medieval mace featured heavy objects that were linked to its end instead of its spikes or blades. Furthermore, the weapon also had an overwhelming amount of use since the medieval mace had the ability to create extensive swinging force much stronger than what a sword could create; this could bring a brutal attack or blow to their opponent.
As the metal-working skills for armor and weapons developed throughout the centuries, the medieval mace also improved in numerous ways to cope or withstand the attacks of bladed or spiked weapons that could easily cut through armor. Additionally, the medieval mace was also known to be very economical to create.
The flail is known as a jointed medieval weapon that is made up of a spiked, knobbed, or flanged steel bludgeon that is linked by a chain to a short shaft made of steel or wood. The weapon was utilized by the knights and foot soldiers during the medieval period and the medieval flail was excellent against tough armor.
The medieval flail is initially made of the spiked metallic ball that is linked to the weapon’s handle using a chain or hinge; both the warriors on foot or horseback utilized this type of weapon during battles. Additionally, the medieval flail was also an excellent tool for offensive moves but was quite difficult for a defense.
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Two types of flails were utilized during the medieval times: one was the single-handed military flail while the other was the double-handed Great Flail both of these had different origins.
The single-handed military flail mainly designed for combat and was not created to be used for other purposes; it was also called the ball and chain which has become highly popular in areas located in Russia and Eastern Europe during the medieval times.
The single-handed flail could easily be recognized since numerous medieval knights utilized the weapon for battles and jousting competitions that are shown in movies and books and movies.
There are different types of the single-handed flail such as the morning star flail and mace which is known as a Swiss-made weapon that had a much longer handle compared to the regular flails; at the end of the chain of the morning star flail, features a huge and heavy metal spiked ball that was designed to cause extreme damage upon impact.
When it comes to the double-handed flail, it featured ancient origins and first began as an agricultural tool utilized by most peasants to tend to their cornfields.
The weapon appeared to be six feet long with a swindle that measured about two feet; peasants also utilized this to readily defend their land by replacing the wooden ends (utilized for threshing crops) with a metallic one which will be used for battle.
Most of the medieval flails were designed and created towards the medieval period‘s end where several variations of the weapon were introduced during the sixteenth century.
Medieval Morning Star
This weapon is among the many ancient club-like tools that featured one or more spikes and were primarily utilized to kill, attack, or wound an enemy during battles in the medieval period.
The medieval morning star is made up of a mace-like spiked club that usually had a long spike that reached out from the top; it also featured numerous smaller spikes located around the portion of the head.
The spikes of the medieval morning star distinguish the weapon from a mace which usually has flanges or little knobs.
This was utilized by both cavalry and infantry since the weapon of a horseman featured a much shorter shaft. Moreover, a lot of the morning stars that have survived history feature a longer double-handed form and are typically six feet in length.
The weapon first came into use around the first period of the fourteenth century; it was mostly utilized in Germany and was called the Morgenstern.
The German term is usually confused with the military flail which is made up of wooden shaft linked by chains to one or more wooden bars; at times, the heavy sword pommels were also utilized as weights.
However, there were only a few descriptions and accounts of a ball-and-chain flail coming from the period, so this weapon can also be considered as an uncommon and unique tool.
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